Lipid-coated mannitol core microparticles for sustained release of protein

Parenteral sustained release systems for proteins which provide therapeutic levels over a longer period avoiding frequent administration, which preserve protein stability during manufacturing, storage and application and which are biodegradable and highly biocompatible in the body are intensively sought after. The aim of this study was to generate and study mannitol core microparticles loaded with a monoclonal antibody IgG1 and coated with lipid either hard fat or glyceryl stearate at different coating levels. The protein was stabilized with 22.5 mg/mL sucrose, 0.1% PS 80, 10 mM methionine in 10 mM His buffer pH 7.2 during the spray loading process. 30 g protein-loaded mannitol carrier microparticles were coated with 5 g, 10 g, 20 g and 30 g of lipid, respectively. Placing more lipid onto the protein-loaded microparticles reduced both burst and release rate, and the particles maintained their geometric form during the release test. The IgG1 release from microparticles covered with a hard fat layer extended up to 6 weeks. The IgG1 was released in its monomeric form and maintained its secondary structure as shown by FTIR. Incomplete release of IgG1 from glyceryl stearate-coated microparticles was observed, which may be due to the small pore sizes of the glyceryl stearate layer or a detrimental surfactant character of glyceryl stearate to protein. Hence, these hard fat-coated mannitol core microparticles have high potential for protein delivery.
Graphical overview of production of lipid-coated mannitol core micropartiles for sustained protein release
Lipid-coated mannitol core microparticles for sustained protein release