In the human organism, the circadian regulation of carbohydrates metabolism is essential for the glucose homeostasis and energy balance. Unbalances in glucose and insulin tissue and blood levels have been linked to a variety of metabolic disorders such as obesity, meta- bolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. Melatonin, the pineal hor- mone, is the key mediator molecule for the integration between the cyclic environment and the circadian distribution of physiological and behavioral processes and for the optimiza- tion of energy balance and body weight regulation, events that are crucial for a healthy organism. This chapter reviews the interplay between melatonin modulatory physiological e ects, glucose homeostasis and metabolic balance, from the endocrinology perspective. The tremendous e ect of melatonin in the regulation of metabolic processes is observed from the chronobiology perspective, considering melatonin as a major synchronizer of the circadian internal order of the physiological processes involved in energy metabolism.
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology » "Carbohydrate", book edited by Mahmut Caliskan, I. Halil Kavakli and Gul Cevahir Oz, ISBN 978-953-51-3070-3, Print ISBN 978-953-51-3069-7, Published: April 12, 2017 under CC BY 3.0 license. © The Author(s).