To develop a model linking in vitro and in vivo erosion of extended release tablets under fasting and postprandial status.
A nonlinear mixed-effects model was developed from the in vitro erosion profiles of four hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) matrix tablets studied under a range of experimental conditions. The model was used to predict in vivo erosion of the HPMC matrix tablets in different locations of the gastrointestinal tract, determined by magnetic marker monitoring. In each gastrointestinal segment the pH was set to physiological values and mechanical stress was estimated in USP2 apparatus rotation speed equivalent.
Erosion was best described by a Michaelis–Menten type model. The maximal HPMC release rate (VMAX) was affected by pH, mechanical stress, HPMC and calcium hydrogen phosphate content. The amount of HPMC left at which the release rate is half of VMAX depended on pH and calcium hydrogen phosphate. Mechanical stress was estimated for stomach (39.5 rpm), proximal (93.3 rpm) and distal (31.1 rpm) small intestine and colon (9.99 rpm).
The in silico model accurately predicted the erosion profiles of HPMC matrix tablets under fasting and postprandial status and can be used to facilitate future development of extended release tablets.